Current Situation of the Wetland
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China's yellow (Bohai) sea migratory bird habitat is located in the Yellow Sea ecological area, one of the top 200 ecological areas in the world. It has the largest intertidal beach in the world.

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 It is the central node of the East Asian Australasian flyway (eaaf), which has the most endangered species and the highest degree of threat. The migration route is an irreplaceable resting place and "gas station" for shorebirds. This key habitat consists of fertile beach, silty coast, sandy coast, estuarine muddy coast, island or rock coast and reed swamp wetland. The "China Yellow (Bohai) sea migratory bird habitat" series is composed of 16 migratory bird habitats. The first phase is located in Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province.

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 It is distributed in Dongtai City, Dafeng District, Tinghu district and Sheyang County. It involves two national protected areas, as well as Tiaozini municipal Wetland Park . The total area is 186400 hectares, accounting for 42% of the total area of 16 nominated sites. The site recorded 680 species of vertebrates, including 415 species of birds, 216 species of fish, 26 species of mammals, 9 species of amphibians and 14 species of reptiles, of which 37 are on the IUCN red list of endangered species, including 1 kind of extremely dangerous species Species (CR): spoon billed snipe; 5 endangered species (EN): black faced Spoonbill, Oriental White Stork, Red Crowned Crane, little green legged snipe and big shore snipe. Bird census recorded 300,000 to 500,000 birds annually, with estimation of millions of water birds use the habitats.


UNESCO Recognition

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Heritage Site of Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase 1) of China's Yellow (Bo) Sea

Registration time : 2019

Standard : (x)

Type : Natural Heritage

Description : Its characteristic is that the intertidal mudflat system is considered the largest in the world. These mudflats, as well as marshes and shallows, are extremely productive and are the habitat of many fish and crustaceans. The intertidal zone of the Yellow Sea/Bohai Bay is of global importance for the gathering of many migratory birds that use the East Asia-Australia route. Large bird colonies, including some of the most endangered species in the world, rely on the coastline as a stopover for moulting, resting, winter or nesting.


On July 5, 2019, at the 43rd World Heritage Conference held in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, 21 committee countries unanimously approved the proposal by the Australian delegation on the “Yellow (Bo) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat of China (the first)” proposed by the Australian delegation. Period)” project amendment. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee listed the nominated area in the " World Heritage Convention" according to natural criteria (x) .


 

Photos of the General Assembly voting and hammering

The member states of the World Heritage Conference unanimously agree that the Yellow Sea Wetland World Heritage SiteOutstanding Universal Value (OUV)And the extremely important position in the East Asia-Australia migratory bird migration route, praise the Chinese government's measures and the latest achievements in coastal wetland protection, and appreciate the Chinese government’s commitment to the second phase of the declaration, and to promote the entire migratory bird migration route And even the efforts made in the protection of the global ecological environment.

 

The Chinese delegation celebrates

Yancheng Yellow Sea wetlands successfully included in the " World Heritage Convention" , is the practice of ecological thinking civilization Xi Jinping, insisted fruitful concept of green development, and demonstrates our positive performance of "Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Convention," "Convention on Wetlands", "bio Convention on Biological diversity , " the tireless efforts of all human beings respect for nature, in harmony with nature, protecting the common aspiration of nature.



Heritage value

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The habitat of migratory birds in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea in China is vital to the protection of global biodiversity . At the same time, it has a well-known wetland landscape and contains the historical memory of Chinese civilization. There are the most diverse and rich wetland habitats and ecosystems in the world , including large-scale sand dunes, lagoons, rocky coasts, and islands and reefs where endangered birds are concentrated. This is a key hub on the East Asia-Australia migratory bird migration route . This is a key resting place, wintering ground or breeding ground for endangered species that have received international attention . These species include only a few hundred spoon-billed sandpipers in the world, only 1,000 red-crowned cranes in the global wild migrating population, only 3,000 white cranes in the world, and almost all of the world’s small greenshanks, great sandpipers, and big sandpipers. Whimbrel. Here is the outpost of the North China Plain and the Pacific Ocean . It has both a magnificent landscape and a deep history . The Yellow River and the Yangtze River, the two mother rivers of the Chinese nation, along with the Hai River and the Huai River, swayed out of the western end of the Bohai Bay and almost the entire yellow coastline south of the Shandong Peninsula in the long history. To the west of the coastline is the vast and fertile North China Plain. This is the stage for the brilliant civilization created by the Chinese nation for thousands of years , driving the pulse of the rise and fall of China's past dynasties before modern times . When the sparks of civilization spread all over the North China Plain, remnants of prehistoric prehistoric times can still be seen in the habitats of migratory birds in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea in China.